South Sudanese President Appoints Former Rival as Vice President

South Sudan President Salva Kiir has appointed his rival, rebel leader Riek Machar, as first vice president in a coalition government.
A presidential spokesman made the announcement Friday, saying the president expects Machar to travel to South Sudan’s capital, Juba, soon.
Machar’s appointment is part of a peace deal signed by the two leaders in August 2015. Despite the deal, sporadic fighting has continued.
Machar was Kiir’s deputy until 2013 when his firing triggered an uprising that intensified into a full-on rebellion. Machar fled South Sudan and has been living in Ethiopia.
South Sudan is the world’s youngest country, winning independence from Sudan in 2011. Fighting between government forces and Machar’s rebels has been especially brutal on civilians.
Both sides are accused of having perpetrated ethnic massacres, recruited and killed children, carried out widespread rape and torture, and forced displacement of populations to “cleanse” areas of their opponents.
The war has killed tens of thousands of people and displaced more than 2 million from their homes while pushing parts of the population into famine conditions.
Machar said the international community and regional leaders should continue to help the South Sudanese people recover from the effects of the two years of violent conflict. “We will propagate our appeal in the international community to assist South Sudan to rise from the ashes of this war,’’ he said.
A report released last month by a U.N. panel that monitors the conflict in South Sudan said Kiir and Machar were still completely in charge of their forces and were therefore directly to blame for killing civilians and other actions that warrant sanctions.

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