ICC Ruling Could Shape Next Kenya Elections
The International Criminal Court dismissed charges Tuesday against Kenya’s deputy president and a local radio director for their alleged roles in 2007-2008 post-election violence. The ruling could have profound political implications as Kenya heads to elections next year.
Thousands of people took to the streets in Kenya’s Rift Valley region to celebrate after the International Criminal Court ruled to vacate charges against Deputy President William Ruto.
Colonel Muema, the secretary-general of New Ford Kenya, one of the political parties in the ruling Jubilee Coalition, welcomed the ruling.
“It bolsters him politically, very seriously, both nationally and in his backyard Rift Valley, because now he will be able to act more freely, more forcefully and make a decision without looking over his shoulders,” Muema said.
Kenyan political writer Barrack Muluka said if Ruto runs for president in 2017, the country may not have a clear winner.
The election could pit him against President Uhuru Kenyatta, potentially reigniting communal rivalries that led to the violence after the 2007 election.
“If he calculates and he has got that popular support following within Rift Valley, he could also say to himself, ‘Why should I be the deputy president when I could be president?’ And of course, he will throw the game wide open.”
In 2007, Kenyatta and Ruto were on opposite sides.
More than 1,100 people were killed and 600,000 displaced in the violence that followed the 2007 election. The ICC charged Kenyatta, Ruto, and a Kenyan radio director, with crimes against humanity for allegedly orchestrating the violence.
Kenyatta and Ruto then joined forces and won the 2013 election. They painted themselves as victims of Western neo-imperialism and called on Kenyans to reject the ICC.
The two men insist their Jubilee coalition has reconciled communities in the Rift Valley, site of the most intense post-election violence in 2008. But communities there have clashed for decades over land and political supremacy, and ethnic rivalries continue to underscore national politics.
Some accuse the current administration of favoring Kenyatta and Ruto’s tribes, the Kikuyu and Kelenjin, something the government denies.
Muluka said the ICC ruling this week sends a message there is no accountability.
“People who are not satisfied will believe at home, there is no authority that can deal with you, and on the international circuit there is nobody who can deal with you. The repeat of violence is very likely. We have seen violence in Kakamega, and we have seen the way people have been behaving in parliament. All these are indicators that violence is very possible,” Muluka said.
Kenya’s Attorney General Githu Muigai said Tuesday the government will put in place a mechanism to prosecute perpetrators of political violence.
But critics say local justice would be hampered by the same kind of political meddling and witness intimidation that, according to rights activists, led the ICC to dismiss its cases against Kenyatta and Ruto for lack of evidence.